In individuals with ASD, we assess the overall rate of autism as well as the depth of deficits in the triad of impairment using ADI-R ADOS-2 diagnostic tools. The development of diagnostic methods and the experience gained over the years by a team of certified experts represent significant outputs for both scientific research and clinical practice. … More
We solve projects in cooperation with the Department of Psychology of the University of Trnava and the Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts, Comenius University in Bratislava.
Analysis of the influence of the ASD impairment triad on cognitive deficits in children
In May 2019, the WHO officially introduced a new classification of ICD (International Classification of Diseases) 11 diseases, in which, in addition to core symptoms, the cognitive and linguistic competences of children with ASD will be decisive. By analysing the impact of core impairments in ASD on individual components of cognitive deficits, we pointed to intellectual deficit not as a comorbidity but as a consequence of primary impairments in ASD. Using the latest standard methods of intellectual capacity testing (Woodcock Johnson International Editions II), we determine predictors of intellectual development in children with ASD.
Celušáková, H., Čelárová, D., Szapuová, Ž., Ostatníková, D.: Kognitívne deficity pri poruchách autistického spektra (Cognitive deficits in autism spectrum disorders). Lekársky obzor, 2018, 67(7-8):239-243. – ISSN 0457-4214
Čelárová, D., Celušáková, H., Szapuová, Ž., Ostatníková, D. Špecifiká prejavov porúch autistického spektra u dievčat predškolského veku = Autism specrum disorders symptoms in pre-school girls. Štúdie zo špeciálnej pedagogiky, 2020. 9: 1.
Evaluation of empatization and systematization using EQ and SQ, tests of intuitive physics and folk psychology in boys with Asperger’s syndrome
The study tested and verified the hypothesis of weaker empathising and stronger systemising in the Slovak population of boys with Asperger’s syndrome in comparison with the control population of boys aged 6 to 18 years.
Krajmer, P., Jánošíková, D., Špajdel., Ostatníková, D: Empathizing, systemizing, intuitive physics and folk psychology in boys with Asperger syndrome. Activitas Nervosa Superior Rediviva. – Vol. 52,No. 1 (2010), s. 57-61.
Monitoring of executive functions in children with autism spectrum disorder
Autism spectrum disorders are neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, repetitive stereotyped behavior, and narrowed interests. In children and adults with autism spectrum disorder, executive functions that allow the regulation of various cognitive, perceptual and motor processes may also be impaired.
Executive functions help us in situations that require concentration and attention when we switch from one activity to another or try to control temptation. Individuals with executive dysfunction often have problems with planning, controlling behavior, but also with attention and the use of already acquired knowledge.
In this project, we focus on the study of the development of executive functions in children with autism spectrum disorder and the analysis of executive dysfunction in connection with a potential biomarker – melatonin. The data will provide insights into the effects of sleep on executive function in children with PAS, which can be further used in interventions to improve the daily functioning and quality of life of these children, but will also help identify the etiopathogenesis of autism spectrum disorders.